The first purpose built, fully integrated electric refuse collection vehicle built by an original equipment manufacturer in the UK will be undergoing trials in Oxford this week and can be seen working on the roads on Tuesday 21st, Wednesday 22nd and Thursday 23rd July. ODS, which manages all the waste collection for Oxford City Council and many local businesses, is leading the trial of the vehicle, and will be assessing how the vehicle performs while collecting waste from both household and business premises across the city.
The vehicle is being provided by Dennis Eagle Ltd, makers of precision-made vehicles at its specialist refuse vehicle manufacturing plant in Warwickshire. Oxford will be taking its first delivery of an electric heavy goods vehicle in January but is preparing for that moment with real-life testing this month. Maria Warner, Waste and Recycling Services Manager at ODS, said:
“We’re really excited to be testing the new all-electric refuse collection vehicle (eRCV) this month. This is a very significant investment for us and a major step forward for Oxford. ODS has 27 RCVs to cover all the homes and businesses in Oxford. When each of these is electric that will be almost 750 tonnes less CO2 pumped out by Oxford per year or the weight of one average car every day. Carbon dioxide is a green house gas, so clearly it’s important we end this as soon as possible, but diesel engines also produce nitrogen oxide which is harmful to human health. That’s why we want to start doing the right thing now – imagine when all the vehicles in the city, not just ours, are electric, what a difference this will make to air, not to mention noise pollution!”
Ms Warner explained that every waste collection round is different and puts a different strain on the vehicle, which is why it is important to test them out before taking delivery, likely to be October at the earliest, to develop the right plans and approach to work with them effectively.
Oxford has an especially dense household collection round, which will place particular demands on the vehicle battery as vehicles have to stop and start often and lift bins to empty them into the vehicle very frequently. This is followed by a relatively long drive to the recycling centre to process the waste. By contrast, the business centres which ODS looks after, such as Oxford Brookes University, require individual collections of waste which are much heavier but call for less frequent lifts.
Michele Morley from Oxford Brookes said “We’re delighted to be one of the first organisations on the collection and testing route for the new electric refuse collection vehicles, perfectly in line with Brookes’ goal to be a sector leader in energy efficient, low-carbon operations and behavioural practices. It’s very pleasing to see the many different ways ODS is applying clean technology for the benefit of the community and I look forward to learning the trial results.”
The new vehicle will have a quieter engine and lifting machinery than existing diesel trucks, and of course will have no exhaust emissions at all. Dennis Eagle’s Sales and Marketing Director Richard Taylor said: “The eCollect offers zero emissions and very quiet operation and is designed to operate in busy urban environments. We’re confident this highly efficient and cost-effective vehicle will meet Oxford’s operational needs as well as its vision for a cleaner, greener future.”
Ms Warner explained that a key reason for testing the impact of different collection rounds on the vehicle battery is to ensure that charging requirements fit in with staff working patterns:
“On our domestic collection rounds, the teams work a different shift pattern, so we need to know the charging requirements of the vehicles to be able to plan around the workforce and customer needs. This investment in electric vehicles shows how the Oxford model, where the community is considered in all business decisions, benefits the people of Oxford.”
ODS, which is wholly owned by Oxford City Council, is aiming to electrify 25% of its fleet of 339 vehicles by 2023 and is already well ahead of other companies in its facilities for electric vehicles and people who use them.
For example, it is the only licenced LEVC electric taxi service provider in the region from Bristol, south Birmingham and West London. One of its electricians, James Barrett, played a key role in developing OxPops, the world’s first ‘pop-up’ electric charging points that ODS fitted for the Council, as part of a trial on Oxford’s residential streets.
At the start of July, 32 fast 22kW chargers for electric vehicles were installed at ODS’s depot in Marsh Road, plus Oxford’s first 50kW rapid electric charger, and this is what will be used to charge the new eRCV. It was installed as part of the Energy Superhub Oxford (ESO) project, led by Oxford City Council and Pivot Power (an EDF Renewables UK company).
Councillor Nigel Chapman, Cabinet Member for Customer Focused Services, said: “This is a great example of a practical approach to tackling emissions and making sure it works for everyone in Oxford. These highly efficient vehicles are designed to be at least as cost-effective as their diesel counterparts over the course of their lifetime so we need to make sure every aspect of working with them is well planned before taking delivery of the first one. It’s good to see our front-line staff working with the very latest technology, which I know is eagerly awaited.”
ABOUT ELECTRIC VEHICLES
Carbon dioxide and cost calculations
One Euro 6 diesel engine refuse collection vehicle (RCV) generates 27 tonnes of CO2 per annum.
It has an expected life of 10 years, meaning each diesel vehicle will be producing 270 tonnes of C02 over its lifetime.
Replacing two RCVs for electric ones on this basis is the equivalent to planting 2000 trees.
One electric RCV will save approximately £10,000 per annum in fuel and £6,000 per annum in maintenance costs compared to a diesel RCV because it has far fewer parts to maintain.
Each electric RCV will, therefore, provide £300,000 savings compared to diesel in its lifetime.
ODS has taken delivery of nine electric vehicles (EVs) as part of Energy Superhub Oxford (ESO) a £41m project designed to integrate and dramatically decarbonise energy, heat and transport systems across the city.
The ESO consortium includes Oxford City Council, Pivot Power (an EDF Renewables UK company), Habitat Energy, Invinity Energy Systems (formerly RedT), Kensa Contracting and University of Oxford.
ODS is also part of Oxford’s vehicle-to-grid project V2GO.
This national scheme aims to evaluate the business case for using commercial EVs, the potential benefits of smart-charging technologies, and the commercial viability of vehicle-to-grid as a means of balancing electricity supply.
It will enable ODS and Oxford City Council to evaluate its existing fleet and assess its strategy for electrification based on usage, range, emissions, costs and suitable electric replacement.
This project is currently in the data gathering phase, with larger scale vehicles such as the new electric RCV fitted with tracking devices to log metrics such as mileage and dwell times.
ABOUT ODS (Oxford Direct Services)
ODS is defined as a Local Authority Trading Company (LATCo) which provides services for Oxford City Council and also operates commercially, delivering services for businesses and householders in Oxfordshire and the surrounding counties. Its mission is to be “a doing good company that’s good for everyone.”
The organisation builds homes and maintains streets, parks and properties. It constructs highways and buildings, and provides managed services. It has the largest skilled workforce in Oxfordshire including an in-house joinery and vehicle workshop which offers the only approved MOT for electric taxis for the Oxfordshire to Bristol area, and also provides waste management and pest control services.
To support these operations, ODS has developed a diverse supply chain within the area and maintains strong working relationships with clients and partners.
In its work for local authorities, businesses, schools, universities and residents ODS considers the impact of all its decisions on employees, customers, suppliers, community and the environment.